Neighborhood Missions Trip-  Invest
Text: Luke 16:1-13

• It’s fall. Can you feel it in the air? The weather really did turn some this week.
• With this season comes one of my favorite things: Pies!
• How many of you love pies? Pumpkin Pie, Pecan Pie, Buttermilk Pie.
• Today I want to teach you something about pie, and what it has to do with being a missionary.
• You see over the past couple of weeks pastor has been challenging us in this area of our personal evangelism.
• We are doing a campaign as a church called “Neighborhood Missions Trip”.
• We want you to begin to see your neighborhood as a mission field, and yourself as a missionary.
• Pastor Frazier has made these two statement that embody the mission of our church:

Missions is not about geography. Missions is about people. – Pastor Frazier

Every person is either a mission field, or should be a missionary. – Pastor Frazier

• With this emphasis we are asking every person to take three actions as a neighborhood missionary.
• Identify, Invest, and Invite.
• Over the past two weeks Pastor has been challenging us to identify people in our neighborhoods who need Christ.
 We learned that the United States is the 4th largest mission field in the world by population.
 We learned that Stark County has 190,000 people that claim no church affiliation.
• Today I want to talk to you about that second action- investing. What does it look like to invest in the lives of our neighbors? – especially people who need Christ?
• And as I thought about that particular question, it lead me to a parable of Jesus found in Luke 16.
• Jesus sometimes taught very unexpectedly.
• This particular text teaches us something very important about investing in the lives of people.
• But it teaches us from a very bad example.

Luke 16:1-13 (KJV)
1 And he said also unto his disciples,

• The audience here is the disciples.
• The speaker is Jesus.

There was a certain rich man, which had a steward;

• 1st character- Rich man. A person who had more than he needs.
• As we see later in the story, this is a man that was most likely an absentee land owner.
• He lived some distance away from his land and that necessitated the need for the second character here.
• He had a lot of money. He had a lot of influence. He had a lot of responsibility.
• Because of this he had this second and main character…
• A steward.
• A person hired by the rich man to take care of his personal affairs in regards to the business of the land that was owned.
• By virtue of the amounts that are listed later on, this was a large responsibility for a large conglomerate of farms.
• He would have overseen the internal and external operations of the farms, the finances, the accounts that his rich boss had, and more.
• It was a position of some economic and social status.
• But look at what happened….

and the same was accused unto him that he had wasted his goods.

• Steward was accused of mismanagement of the owner’s goods.
• The word got back to the rich man that he had “wasted” his good.
• The word here is – dee-as-kor-pid’-zo- disperse, scatter (abroad), strew, waste.
• We don’t know if the accusation was completely true, but we have some idea that there may have been some merit to it based on the steward’s response.

2 And he called him, and said unto him, How is it that I hear this of thee? give an account of thy stewardship; for thou mayest be no longer steward.

• The Steward gets called in by his boss. The boss informs him that he’s heard the accusation and its time to open the books and give an accounting.
• What is at stake? “For thou mayest be no longer steward.”
• In the words of Donald Trump- “Your fired.”
• If you were accused of this kind of mismanagement and you were guiltless, you would quickly go and get the books, print out the reports and the bank statements to prove your innocence and fight for your job.
• This is not what this steward does. Look at his response. We get to see what he thinks.

3 Then the steward said within himself, What shall I do? for my lord taketh away from me the stewardship: I cannot dig; to beg I am ashamed.

• I need a plan!! And I need it fast.
• If I were to put this story into a modern setting, I imagine the boss leaving the office to give the man time to print out the reports. I’ll be back later.
• The steward leans back in his chair, not knowing what to do. He needs a plan!
• “I can’t do manual labor! I’m a white collar guy. I don’t want to get my hands dirty.”
• I’m certainly not one of those cardboard holding beggars at the end of an exit ramp!”
• He asks this question regarding His own future- “What shall I do?”
• What do I do? What resources are available to me that I can leverage for the future?
• And then he has a “Eureka” moment!

4 I am resolved what to do, that, when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receive me into their houses.

• I’m going to use the last little bit of influence that I have in my official capacity as steward to leverage it for a better job.
• Specifically, I want to make people connect with me, and “receive me into their houses.”
• Take note of this phrase as it is key to understanding the passage.
• He specifically says that he is planning this entire response so that later after he is fired “they may receive me into their houses.”
• I need to be “in” with people of means so that I can be set up for an even better job and future.
• So he executes the plan…

5 So he called every one of his lord’s debtors unto him, and said unto the first, How much owest thou unto my lord?

• How much do you owe? – Weird question right? If he was a good steward, he wouldn’t have to ask!
• You want your accountant to know to the penny!

6 And he said, An hundred measures of oil. And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and sit down quickly, and write fifty.

• Anyway, he cuts a deal. Pay us now, and I’ll only charge you half.
• “Quickly”- Swindlers always want to do things quickly. He was a “fast talker”.
• So he is giving the debtor a deal, and of course it doesn’t cost him anything. He’s going to lose his job anyway.
• You can almost hear him saying, “Now remember your good friend when I come by next week. You owe me one.”
• In fact, this was an honor culture that emphasized reciprocation.
• If I honored you publicly, then the expectation was that you would do the same for me.
• If I did you a favor, the expectation is that you would pay me back.
• This steward is banking on the fact that these people would feel obligated to take care of him, and specifically the peer pressure to take care of him because he is “taking care” of so many of his masters debtors.

7 Then said he to another, And how much owest thou? And he said, An hundred measures of wheat. And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and write fourscore.

• Apparently this particular method was used multiple times.
• Although in the story he didn’t give everyone the same percentage deal. The first guy got half off, and this guy only gets 20%.
• But remember, the stewards stated goal is: “that they would receive me into their houses.”
• The nature of the text and of the parable is that this man did this with more than just these two. He repeated this process with all of his master’s debtors.
• And so, he has taken a very bad consequence- losing his job because he got caught- and made it into a circumstance in which he has job offers and means for his future lined up.
• He can take his pick of the offers because of his shrewd tactics.
• It really cost him almost nothing.
• It wasn’t even his money, and yet now all of these people of means owe him back.
• Now before you read on, know that this is where the parable gets a little tricky.
• You would expect that Jesus would not want to use anyone of this kind of character as an example of someone to imitate.
• And the truth is that He doesn’t want us to completely imitate him, but he does want to point out something interesting.
• Notice the reaction of “the lord”- specifically the boss of this steward.

8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely:


• What was the reaction? “Commendation”. He commended him.
• Look at the description- the unjust steward. This is where we get the title of the man in Jesus’ story. He was unjust. He was not right. He did wrong, and yet he was commended.
• According to Jesus, the boss commended the unjust steward because of the strategic move that the man made.
• You can imagine the Lord of this man saying to him,
 “Where has this ingenuity and strategic thinking been all along?
 You took your “two week notice” and set yourself up for the rest of your life.
 You did this with my money and my influence to set up your future.
 Why hadn’t you done this in the first place? I never would have wanted to fire you!”
• Then Jesus made this particular statement about the man’s shrewd actions:
for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.
• The whole reason for the parable is to bring up this phrase.
• Jesus sees something in the mindset of this man that he wants us to have.
• To be clear, he is not wanting us to be dishonest. But he does want us to be shrewd.
• If we’re going to be people who are effective as missionaries in our own neighborhoods, then we must invest in people.
• Jesus wants to point out the mindset of this man to have us to adopt it.
• But instead of being wise in worldly, unjust matters, he wants to be wise- he wants us to be shrewd.

We can invest shrewdly by adopting three mindsets.

Mindset #1- Be strategic. V. 1-9

• The idea here is that the unjust steward is so focused and relentless on getting what he wanted that he made strategically shrewd moves that helped further his future.
• Jesus is essentially saying, this man who does this evil business is so much more shrewd and wise in his dealings than the way people who follow Christ are in our dealings.
• You know what Jesus is talking about because you’ve seen it.
• You’ve seen people go in and make shrewd business deals, maybe even shady deals to make money and come out smelling like roses.
• People spend so much of their time figuring out ways to make money. They are good at it.
• Notice that “the lord”- the man’s boss who is also corrupt- commends the steward. Jesus does not.
• What Jesus does point out is this. Lost, unregenerate people think more strategically and wisely about how to deal with their temporary lives than what believers and followers of Christ do about eternal matters.
• This unjust steward leveraged his small, waning influence to make a big difference in his future.
• Jesus says that we ought to leverage our influence in a similarly strategic way, but for something much more eternal and important.
• Why do I say that? Because of the correlation that he makes in verse 9.

9 And I say unto you,

• “And I say unto you”- here is his big point.
• Who is he speaking to?
 Children of light- v8
 Disciples- v.1

…make to yourselves friends…

• “Make to yourselves friends”-
• Gain relationships.
• Grow in influence.
• Grow in impact.
• How?

of the mammon of unrighteousness;

• “of the mammon of unrighteousness”-
• The words here “Of the”- ek tou- “out of the mammon” or “from the mammon”, or “using the mammon”
• Mammon is a word for money or wealth.
• He’s not saying become friends with the temporary wealth itself.
• He is saying make friends using temporary wealth.
• Leverage what is temporary for making friends…Why?

that, when ye fail,

• “fail”- eklipo – die

they may receive you into everlasting habitations.

• “they”- who is they? The friends!!!!!!! The friends you made using the temporary wealth- the money!
• What are they going to do because of the influence you leveraged?
• “receive you into everlasting habitiations”
• You see everyone that knows Christ will go to heaven, but not everyone will have the same welcoming committee.
• This man, the unjust steward, had just a short amount of time, and access to someone else’s resources, and he used it to set up a more than comfortable life for himself for his immediate future.
• What Jesus is saying here is this: You and I have a short amount of time on this earth, and everything we have is really something God’s. We should take our limited time on this earth, and the resources we have to invest, not to make the next 5, 10, 20, 40 years to be comfortable for us, but that eternity would be changed in the lives of people all around us.
• So that brings me to the pie. You thought I’d never get to the pie. 
• Pies don’t cost that much.
• How much does it cost to make a pie?
• For the cost of some eggs, some sugar, some vanilla, some ….. and an hour or two you can make a pie.
• Pies are temporary.
• At my house pies are very temporary. 
• I don’t know very many people who don’t like pie.
• Who wants a pie? (Give the pies to someone!)
• But here’s the illustration:
• Could it be conceivable that someone could make a pie and use the pie to give as a gift to either introduce themselves to a neighbor, or to invest in the relationship of a neighbor? Do you think that God could use that introduction to lead to a conversation where a person hears about Christ?
• Could it be conceivable that a stay-at-home mom could befriend another mom on her street and invite her over for some pie and that setting leads to gospel conversations?
• You see, your temporary pie, your temporary time on earth, your temporary mammon can be leveraged, if you are shrewd, to make an eternal difference in the life of people.
• And think about it- How much more do you own than what it takes to make a pie!!!!!!
• We have homes!
• We have yards!
• We have cars!
• We have phones!
• We have internet connected computers in our pockets.
• If it is conceivable that we can use a pie to reach someone, what about all of the other wealth we have?
• How many times in the gospels is Jesus eating in people’s homes?
• In the home of Mary, Martha and Lazarus
• Think about the early church:
Acts 2:44-47 (44) And all that believed were together, and had all things common; (45) And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need. (46) And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,(47) Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.
• What if our entire church took on the mindset of a missionary, and just for a couple months passionately leveraged their wealth for the sake of eternity? I believe it would look like the early church which grew at a daily rate!

Mindset #2- Be faithful. (v.10-12).

10 He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much: and he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in much.

• This is exactly how it life works.
• Many people who are poor give like the widow in the Bible gave all she had.
• Many who have much don’t give anything.
• The amount isn’t the issue. What is the issue? Faithfulness.

11 If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches? 12 And if ye have not been faithful in that which is another man’s, who shall give you that which is your own?

• This is a basic understanding of our eternal reward: How we steward our lives here effects our reward there.
• Notice here that he connects faithfulness with our wealth to investing our wealth for eternal things.
• If you only use your wealth for things that don’t matter in eternity then you are not faithfully stewarding what God has given you.

Luke 12:33-34- (33) Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth. (34) For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.

The only way to be a faithful steward of our resources is to have an eternal perspective.

Mindset #3- Be focused. V.13

13 No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

• What you are focused on tells about who you are serving.
• If you are focused only on this life, only on the temporary, then you are serving a master that is not God.
• If you are focused on eternity, and on what God values, then you are serving God.
• Jesus says here, “you can not serve God and mammon”.
• By implication though with the context the truth is this: “Ye cannot serve God and mammon, but you can serve God with mammon.”
When we focus on God and eternity we will invest wisely.
• You can take your temporary wealth and use it to invest in eternity.
• You can’t take it with you, but you can send it ahead!


• Let me tell you about something that has recently happened in our church-
• Story of Anthony and Deanna…
 Roger- Wendys
 Edith- Block Party
 Trent- GROW
• When it comes to our neighborhood, is it strategic to live near people and never meet them or speak to them?
• When it comes to our neighborhood, is it faithful to live near people and never invest in that relationship, knowing that they are eternal?
• When it comes to our neighbors, are we showing that we are focused on God as our master if we don’t share Christ with these eternal people?
• As believers we should be shrewd!
• Your house, Your car, Your stuff— None of it will not be in heaven, but your neighbors should be. How are you investing?

Mark Series- Session 11: Responding to the Second Coming

Mark Series Header

Mark 13:24-37

Discussion Question– What summer plans or events are you most anticipating?

Every believer can respond to the reality of the second coming by recognizing four components to Jesus’s teaching about His return.

Component #1- Chaos (v.1-25, 24-25)
Mar 13:24-25
(24) But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light,
• “in those days”-
o Jesus started this teaching in response to the disciples
 1. Mentioning of the temple in verses 1-3 and
 2. Asking when that destruction of the temple would be.
o He uses this term in verses 17, 19 and 24 to speak about the times he is describing, sometime in the future.
o Some of the qualities he says about this time in verses 1-23
 False teaching (v.5-6)
 False Christ’s (v.5-6, 22)
 Wars (v.7-8)
 Earthquakes (v.8)
 Persecution (v.9)
 Gospel proclamation expanded (v.10)
 Betrayal (V.12-13)
 Abomination of Desolation spoken of in Daniel (v.14)
 Unprecedented affliction (v.19)
 False prophets (v.22)
(25) And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken.
 Sun moon and stars will be darkened (v. 24-25)
• It will be a time of unprecedented chaos.
• And in the midst of this chaos the world will see hope and wrath all in one moment…

Component #2- Coming (v.26-27)

Mar 13:26-27
(26) And then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory.
(27) And then shall he send his angels, and shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven.
• Against the backdrop of chaos, war, spiritual wickedness and confusion we see Christ coming and conquering.
• It’s the story all others stories are pointing to. The hero comes to save the day. Why does this resonate with us? Because we long for all that is wrong to be made right. We long for justice. We long for resolution, and yet we realize that we are part of the dissonance.
• And Christ who was sacrificed, dead, is risen…and here He comes again!
• From the song, “In the Night”

And I can see the Son of Man descending
And the sword he swings is brighter than the dawn
And the gates of hell will never stand against him
And in the night, in the night, in the night my hope lives on!

• Here is some good news- We come with him. V. 27 says we’ll be gathered with him in His coming- those who have been redeemed. If you know Christ as Savior you will be on the right and winning side.
• Believers will be drawn from all over the world and in heaven.

Now let’s recognize the 3rd component of the teaching on Jesus’ return…

Component #3- Confirmation (v.28-31)

Mar 13:28-31
(28) Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When her branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is near:
• The fig tree was the plant in that area of the world with the most visible evidence to the season of the year.
• This was an agrarian culture, and so they would have been a lot more familiar with plant life and working than we are.
• But even we understand that leaves come to full fruition, and fruit is being born out during the summer. Winter is death, Spring is new life, Summer brings growth, and fall becomes the time for harvest.
(29) So ye in like manner, when ye shall see these things come to pass, know that it is nigh, even at the doors.
• When you see all that is described in verses 1-25, know that verse 26-27 are soon to come.
• How soon?
(30) Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall not pass, till all these things be done.
• How long is a generation? One lifetime? 60-70, 100 years?
• In the grand scheme of history and eternity, it’s not long.
• And then he gives this assurance…
(31) Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away.
• Essentially, this prophecy is more long lasting and sure than the very earth that you are standing on.
• You can take my words to the bank.

This leads us to recognize the 4th component of the teaching on Jesus’ return…Our response…

Component #4- Commands (v.32-37)

Mar 13:32-37
(32) But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.
• The exact time is known only by the Father.
• Some believe that this is still true. Some believe it was true at the time that Jesus stated it.
• Now that Jesus has returned bodily to heaven does he know the exact time? Absolutely.
• The point is, for sure, we don’t know.
• There have been many who have tried to predict when Christ would come.
• Radio evangelist Harold Camping was so certain that the Rapture would occur on May 21, 2011 that he staked his entire reputation on it. His company, Family Radio, spent more than $5,000,000 on 5,000 billboards announcing the date and a media frenzy followed.
• A group I really enjoy wrote a song about the guy who did this… called “The 21st of May”

It’s time to bid this whole world goodbye
Oh, glory, time to fly away
We’ll meet our savior in the sky
Hallelujah, the 21st of May
Well, I’ve never been so sure
And I’ve never led no one astray
‘Cept in the fall of ’94
But Hallelujah, the 21st of May

• Unfortunately people trying to predict have made the return of Christ a mockery.
• But be sure…
(33) Take ye heed, watch and pray: for ye know not when the time is.
• Just because you don’t know when He’s coming back doesn’t mean that he’s not coming back.
• Then an illustration…
• What are the 2 commands?
o Watch
o Pray…
• Illustration…
(34) For the Son of man is as a man taking a far journey, who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man his work, and commanded the porter to watch.
(35) Watch ye therefore: for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the morning:
(36) Lest coming suddenly he find you sleeping.
(37) And what I say unto you I say unto all, Watch.
• Watch!
• Pray!

Discussion Questions:
1. As the chaos in the world “in those days” is described by Jesus, do you see any relation to that time and our time today? Explain.
2. What kind of response does Jesus return bring to the following people?
• An unbeliever?
• An immature believer?
• A spiritually mature believer?
3. 2 Commands were explicitly stated – watch and pray. What does each of these commands look like in your life this week?
4. Prayer Requests

Family Devotions and Discussions



5 Excuses for Not Answering God’s Call (Session 1 – Exodus 3:4-14; 4:13-16)

God could have rescued the Israelites from Egypt without Moses’ help. But He chose to do it through Moses. Appearing to Moses at the burning bush, the Lord said, “I have observed the misery of my p…

Source: 5 Excuses for Not Answering God’s Call (Session 1 – Exodus 3:4-14; 4:13-16)

The Joy of a Promise Kept- Genesis 21


The Joy of a Promise Fulfilled (Grace)

Genesis 21:1-21, Galatians 4:21-31


  • Have you ever been promised something and it didn’t come to pass?
  • If you can’t think of a circumstance where that has happened in your life I’ll just give you one word and then you’ll know it has- Politicians!
  • As parents, sometimes our kids take things as promises and you have to be careful because they don’t understand time the way we do.
    • Melana and Cinderella’s castle.  “Dear God, Please let daddy take me to Cinderella’s castle tomorrow.  In Jesus Name, Amen”.  Every day for a week… 🙂


  • We all hate when a promise is made and it isn’t fulfilled.
  • In Genesis 21 we see Abraham and Sarah experiencing the fulfilled promise of God.


Now to review, let’s look at the promise God made to Abraham in Genesis 12:1-4:

1Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee:2and I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:3and I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.4So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran. (Genesis 12:1-4)

Now, check out when the promise was fulfilled:

Genesis 21:1-7
1And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as he had spoken.2For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him.3And Abraham called the name of his son that was born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac.  4 And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac being eight days old, as God had commanded him.5And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him.

  • Now, to get a sense of the background of this text you have to understand a couple of things.
  • 1.  This was the fulfillment of God’s Promise.
  • 2.  This was the fulfillment of God’s Promise to Abraham 25 years ago.
    • Imagine believing that you’re about to have a son since 1990.
    • Now imagine living in a culture where you not only have to deal with the emotional pain of not being able to have kids, but the social stigma of being a women in an eastern, ancient culture who has to deal with the shame of not having  a child.
    • Now imagine having told people for 25 years that you’re going to have a child.
    • Also, think about the fact that when you first receive this promise your husband is 75.
    • Born in 1915. Promised in 1990.  Promise fulfilled in 2015.
  • Now, inbetween when the promise was made (1990) and when the promise was fulfilled (2015) Abraham and Sarah got a little impatient.
  • So they tried to help God out- (Hagar and Ishmael).

8 And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned.9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking.10 Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.11 And the thing was very grievous in Abraham’s sight because of his son.

12 And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called.13 And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed.

14 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beer-sheba.15 And the water was spent in the bottle, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs.16 And she went, and sat her down over against him a good way off, as it were a bowshot: for she said, Let me not see the death of the child. And she sat over against him, and lift up her voice, and wept.17 And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is.18 Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand; for I will make him a great nation.19 And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink.20And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.21 And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt. (Genesis 21:1-21)

  • Ok- interesting story, Ben- but what does this have to do with my life right now.
  • Check this out:

Now:  Look at Galatians 4:21-31

21Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?

  • Background of Galatians- Jesus + Law= Grace
  • Jesus + Circumcision etc.etc.
  • So Paul is about to give an illustration, but it’s more than an illustration.  God actually ordained circumstances so that he could later use it to teach us about the law and the promise.

22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman.23But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.24Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.27 For it is written,
Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not;
Break forth and cry, thou that travailest not:
For the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
28Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.29But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.30 Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free. (Galatians 4:1-31)


Law Promise (Grace)
Hagar (Bondwoman) Sarah (Free-woman)
Old Covenant New Covenant
Mount Sinai Jerusalem
Ishmael- After the Flesh Isaac- Miracle of God
Persecutor Persecuted

Now- Go back to Genesis 21 and let’s look at what the scripture says:
Genesis 21:6

6And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh, so that all that hear will laugh with me.7 And she said, Who would have said unto Abraham, that Sarah should have given children suck? for I have born him a son in his old age.

  • Just like Sarah experienced the joy of a son and God keeping his promise, we experience the joy of the Lord through the grace of God in His keeping His salvation promise to us.


  1. There are two ways people try to get to heaven:  By works or by Grace.  The only way you’re going to make it is by the grace of God.
  2. Those of us who know God’s grace through salvation through Jesus Christ should experience the joy of being in Christ.
  3. We should desire for other people to experience God’s grace through Jesus Christ.